- vt. 造成，形成；摆姿势；装模作样；提出…讨论
- vi. 摆姿势；佯装；矫揉造作
- n. 姿势，姿态；装模作样
CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1. pos- + -e.
2. pose (v.1): put, place. => propose, suggest.
3. pose (v.2): put, place. => suppose, assume. => earlier "question, interrogate". => puzzle, confuse, perplex.
4. pose (n.): act of posing the body.
- pose:  Pose and pause come ultimately from the same source. This was late Latin pausāre ‘stop, pause’. In Vulgar Latin it came to be associated with pōnere ‘put’, and particularly, owing to the similarity of form, with its past participle positum (source of English position), and gradually started to take over its meaning. Hence Old French poser, source of the English word, meant ‘put, place’. The noun pose is a modern acquisition from French, dating from the early 19th century.
- pose (v.1)
- late 14c., posen, "suggest (something is so), suppose, assume; grant, concede," from Old French poser "put, place, propose," a term in debating, from Late Latin pausare "to halt, rest, cease, pause" (source also of Italian posare, Spanish posar; see pause (v.)). The Late Latin verb also had a transitive sense, "cause to pause or rest," and hence the Old French verb (in common with cognates in Spanish, Italian, Portuguese) acquired the sense of Latin ponere (past participle positus) "to put, place," by confusion of the similar stems. Meaning "put in a certain position" in English is from early 15c. Sense of "assume a certain attitude" is from 1840; the transitive sense (as an artist's model, etc.) is from 1859. Related: Posed; posing.
One of the most remarkable facts in F[rench] etymology is the extraordinary substitution whereby the Low Lat. pausare came to mean 'to make to rest, to set,' and so usurped the place of the Lat. ponere, to place, set, with which it has no etymological connection. And this it did so effectually as to restrict the F. pondre, the true equivalent of Lat. ponere, to the sense of 'laying eggs;' whilst in all compounds it completely thrust it aside, so that compausare (i.e. F. composer) took the place of Lat. componere, and so on throughout. Hence the extraordinary result, that whilst the E. verbs compose, depose, impose, propose, &c. exactly represent in sense the Lat. componere, deponere, imponere, proponere, &c., we cannot derive the E. verbs from the Lat. ones since they have (as was said) no real etymological connection. [W.W. Skeat, "Etymological Dictionary of the English Language," 1898]
- pose (v.2)
- "to puzzle, confuse, perplex," 1590s, earlier "question, interrogate" (1520s), probably from Middle French poser "suppose, assume," from Old French poser "to put, place, set" (see pose (v.1)). Also in some cases a shortening of English appose "examine closely," and oppose. Related: Posed; posing.
- pose (n.)
- "act of posing the body," 1818, from pose (v.1), in a sense developed in the French cognate. Figuratively from 1884.
- 1. She turned down £1.2 million to pose nude in Playboy.
- 2. She'd flung herself in a pose of melodramatic exhaustion.
- 3. The men support the ballerinas, who pose with their uplifted arms.
- 4. How did you get him to pose for this picture?
- 5. Many women achievers appear to pose a threat to their male colleagues.
[ pose 造句 ]