- vi. 倾斜；倾向；易于
- vt. 使倾斜；使倾向于
- n. 倾斜；斜面；斜坡
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 CET6
1. in- "into, in, on, upon" + clin- + -e.
2. 倾斜 => 引申义：倾向。
- incline:  Latin -clīnāre (a relative of English lean, but itself only ever recorded in compounds) meant ‘bend, lean’. Add to this the prefix in- and you had inclīnāre ‘lean towards’. This was originally borrowed into English via Old French encliner as encline – a form which survived until the 17th century, when the latinized incline began to take over. The metaphorical use of the word to indicate a person’s disposition or preference dates back to Roman times.
- incline (v.)
- c. 1300, "to bend or bow toward," from Old French encliner, from Latin inclinare "to cause to lean; bend, incline, turn, divert," from in- "into, in, on, upon" (see in- (2)) + clinare "to bend," from PIE *klei-n-, suffixed form of *klei- "to lean" (see lean (v.)). Metaphoric sense of "have a mental disposition toward" is early 15c. in English (but existed in classical Latin). Related: Inclined; inclining.
- incline (n.)
- c. 1600, "mental tendency," from incline (v.). The literal meaning "slant, slope" is attested from 1846.
- 1. Those who fail incline to blame the world for their failure.
- 2. The men had to slog up a steep muddy incline.
- 3. I incline to the view that we should take no action at this stage.
- 4. I incline to ( take ) the opposite point of view.
- 5. I incline to his opinion on this matter.
[ incline 造句 ]