- n. 特权；公民权；经销权；管辖权
- vt. 给…以特许（或特权）；赋予公民权
来自古法语franc, 非奴役的，自由的，来自拉丁语francus, 法兰克人，自由人，词源同Frank. 其原词义即使享有自由权，后引申词义选举权，特许经销权等。
- franchise:  Originally, franchise meant ‘freedom’ (as it still does in French today): ‘We will for our franchise fight and for our land’, Robert of Gloucester’s Chronicle 1297. Gradually, though, it became more specialized in sense, narrowing down via ‘particular legal privilege’ to (in the 18th century) ‘right to vote’. It comes from Old French franchise, a derivative of franc ‘free’ (whence English frank).
- franchise (n.)
- c. 1300, fraunchise, "a special right or privilege (by grant of a sovereign or government);" also "national sovereignty; nobility of character, generosity; the king's authority; the collective rights claimed by a people or town or religious institution," also used of the state of Adam and Eve before the Fall, from Old French franchise "freedom, exemption; right, privilege" (12c.), from variant stem of franc "free" (see frank (adj.)).
From late 14c. as "freedom; not being in servitude; social status of a freeman;" early 15c. as "citizenship, membership in a community or town; membership in a craft or guild." The "special right" sense narrowed 18c. to "particular legal privilege," then "right to vote" (1790). From mid-15c. as "right to buy or sell," also "right to exclude others from buying or selling, a monopoly;" meaning "authorization by a company to sell its products or services" is from 1959.
- franchise (v.)
- late 14c., "to make free," from Old French franchiss-, past participle stem of franchir "to free" (12c.), from franc "free" (see frank (adj.)). Franchising is from 1570s; the commercial licensing sense is from 1966. Related: Franchisee; franchiser; franchisor.
- 1. The diving school has acquired a franchise for scuba equipment.
- 2. Catering in the schools is run on a franchise basis.
- 3. The United States granted the franchise to women in 1920.
- 4. The 1867 Reform Act extended the franchise to much of the male working class.
- 5. Talk to other franchise holders and ask them what they think of the parent company.
[ franchise 造句 ]