- vt. 关闭；停业；幽禁
- vi. 关上；停止营业
- n. 关闭
- adj. 关闭的；围绕的
- n. (Shut)人名；(俄)舒特；(中)室(广东话·威妥玛)
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自古英语 scyttan,合上门栓，推，关上，来自 West-Germanic*skutjan,推，合上，来自 PIE*skeud, 投，扔，射，推，词源同 shoot,shot.
- shut: [OE] Shut comes ultimately from the same prehistoric Germanic base (*skaut-, *skeut-, *skut- ‘project’) that produced English shoot, and its underlying etymological reference is to the ‘shooting’ of a bolt across a door to fasten it. Its immediate West Germanic ancestor was *skuttjan, which also produced Dutch schutten ‘obstruct’. In Old English this became scyttan, which if it had evolved unchecked would have given modern English shit. For reasons of delicacy, perhaps, the West Midlands form shut was drafted into the general language in the 16th century.
=> sheet, shoot, shot, shout, shuttle
- shut (v.)
- Old English scyttan "to put (a bolt) in place so as to fasten a door or gate, bolt, shut to; discharge, pay off," from West Germanic *skutjan (cognates: Old Frisian schetta, Middle Dutch schutten "to shut, shut up, obstruct"), from PIE *skeud- "to shoot, chase, throw" (see shoot (v.)). Related: Shutting.
Meaning "to close by folding or bringing together" is from mid-14c. Meaning "prevent ingress and egress" is from mid-14c. Sense of "to set (someone) free (from)" (c. 1500) is obsolete except in dialectal phrases such as to get shut of. To shut (one's) mouth "desist from speaking" is recorded from mid-14c.
- 1. Burke cast a cursory glance at the menu, then flapped it shut.
- 2. I let myself out into the street and pulled the door shut.
- 3. The envelope has been tampered with and then taped shut again.
- 4. "I shut him out of the bedroom," says Maureen.
- 5. If you keep your eyes squeezed shut, you'llmiss the show.
[ shut 造句 ]