- n. 州长；郡治安官；执行吏
- n. (Sheriff)人名；(英、葡)谢里夫；(阿拉伯)谢里夫
TEM4 GRE CET6
3. shire + reeve => sheriff.
4. sheriff => shire, reeve.
来自古英语 scirgerefa,王室在郡设置的官员，郡督，来自 scir,郡，词源同 shire,gerefa,首领， 词源同 reeve,管家，长官，城镇治安官。
- sheriff: [OE] A sheriff is etymologically a ‘shirereeve’ – that is, a ‘county official’. The term was compounded in the Old English period from scīr, ancestor of modern English shire, and gerēfa ‘local official’, a word based on *rōf ‘assembly’ which survives as the historical term reeve. It was used for the ‘monarch’s representative in a county’.
=> reeve, shire
- sheriff (n.)
- late Old English scirgerefa "representative of royal authority in a shire," from scir (see shire) + gerefa "chief, official, reeve" (see reeve). As an American county official, attested from 1660s; sheriff's sale first recorded 1798. Sheriff's tooth (late 14c.) was a common name for the annual tax levied to pay for the sheriff's victuals during court sessions.
- 1. "It's from a notebook," the sheriff said, "And there's writing on it."
- 2. Oh, is it? … said the sheriff with a sneer.
- “噢, 是 吗 ?”司法官冷笑着说.
- 3. He was appointed Sheriff of New York.
- 4. Sheriff has been pushed at least to 2006.
- 5. As a matter of routine, the sheriff's office there had been notified of the change of address.
- 按照惯例, 他们已把地址变更的消息通知了那里的郡长办公室.
[ sheriff 造句 ]