- n. 筏；救生艇；（美）大量
- vt. 筏运；制成筏
- vi. 乘筏
- n. (Raft)人名；(匈、瑞典)拉夫特
CET6+ TEM8 IELTS TOEFL
1. life raft 救生筏
2. bamboo raft 竹筏；竹排
来自古诺斯语 raptr,木排，阀子，来自 PIE*rep,柱子，桩子。
- raft:  The ancestor of raft meant ‘beam, rafter’. This was Old Norse raptr. Not until it got into English, apparently, was it used for a ‘craft made by tying logs together’. (It should not, incidentally, be confused with the mainly American raft ‘large collection, lot’ , which is an alteration of Scottish English raff ‘rubbish’ – probable source of English raffish . This too may well be of Scandinavian origin – Swedish has rafs ‘rubbish’.) Rafter [OE] comes from a Germanic source that was probably also responsible for raft.
=> raffish, rafter
- raft (n.1)
- "floating platform," late 15c., originally "rafter" (c. 1300), from a Scandinavian source such as Old Norse raptr "log" (Old Norse -pt- pronounced as -ft-), related to Middle Low German rafter, rachter "rafter" (see rafter).
- raft (n.2)
- "large collection," 1830, variant of raff "heap, large amount," from Middle English raf (compare raffish, riffraff); form and sense associated with raft (n.1).
- raft (v.)
- 1680s, from raft (n.1). Related: Rafted; rafting.
- 1. The crew spent two days and nights in their raft.
- 2. I made for the life raft and hung on for dear life.
- 3. The raft gathered speed as the current dragged it toward the falls.
- 4. The raft bobbed along more quietly.
- 5. I didn't count on his capsizing the raft.
[ raft 造句 ]