- n. 栗色；逃亡黑人奴隶；孤立的人
- v. 使孤立；放逐到无人岛上
- adj. 栗色的
来自法语couleur marron,栗子色，couleur,颜色，词源同color,marron,栗子，栗色，可能来自希腊语maraon,甜栗，产于南欧。maroon 逃亡黑奴，放逐到孤岛
- maroon: English has two distinct and completely unrelated words maroon. The one denoting ‘brownish red’ and ‘firework’  has had a chequered semantic history, as its present-day diversity of meanings suggests. It comes ultimately from medieval Greek máraon ‘sweet chestnut’, and reached English via Italian marrone and French marron (as in marrons glacés).
It was originally used for ‘chestnut’ in English too, but that sense died out in the early 18th century, leaving behind the colour term (an allusion to the reddish brown of the chestnut’s inner shell) and ‘firework, exploding projectile’ (perhaps a reference to the shape of such devices). Maroon ‘abandon’  comes from the noun maroon. This originally meant ‘runaway slave’, and comes via French from American Spanish cimarron.
The most widely accepted derivation of this is that it was based on Spanish cima ‘summit’, a descendant of Latin cyma ‘sprout’, and that it thus denotes etymologically ‘one who lives on the mountain tops’.
- maroon (n.)
- "very dark reddish-brown color," 1791, from French couleur marron, the color of a marron "chestnut," the large sweet chestnut of southern Europe (maroon in that sense was used in English from 1590s), from dialect of Lyons, ultimately from a word in a pre-Roman language, perhaps Ligurian; or from Greek maraon "sweet chestnut."
- maroon (v.)
- "put ashore on a desolate island or coast," 1724 (implied in marooning), earlier "to be lost in the wild" (1690s); from maron (n.) "fugitive black slave in the jungles of W.Indies and Dutch Guyana" (1660s), earlier symeron (1620s), from French marron, said to be a corruption of Spanish cimmaron "wild, untamed," from Old Spanish cimarra "thicket," probably from cima "summit, top" (from Latin cyma "sprout"), with a notion of living wild in the mountains. Related: Marooned.
- 1. She opened the tie box and looked at her purchase. It was silk, with maroon stripes.
- 2. 'I'm Ben Gunn, I am,'replied the maroon, wriggling like an eel in his embarrassment.
- “ 是的, 我是本-刚恩, ”这位放逐在荒滩上的水手答道, 一面不好意思地像鳗鱼一样扭动着身子.
来自英汉文学 - 金银岛
- 3. To Ron from Mrs. Weasley: a maroon hand - knitted sweater, always in maroon.
- 韦斯莱太太给罗恩的礼物: 一件栗色的手织毛衣, 总是用栗色.
- 4. A maroon - and - orange salamander stalks across my path - a miniature dinosaur on a mission.
- 一只褐红和橙黄相杂的蝾螈悄悄地在我所走的小径上横着爬了过去 - 一只正在执行任务的小型恐龙.
- 5. When the tide came in I was a maroon out there.
[ maroon 造句 ]