- n. 发射；炮弹；射手；镜头
- adj. 用尽的；破旧的；杂色的，闪光的
- v. 射击（shoot的过去式和过去分词）
CET4 TEM4 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1、from PIE root *skeud- "to shoot, to chase, to throw, to project".
2、具有同源性的单词：scoot, scud, shoot.
来自 shoot 的过去分词形式，后形容词过名词使用。
- shot: [OE] Shot goes back to a prehistoric Germanic *skutaz, which was derived from the same base that produced English shoot. It used to mean ‘payment’ as well as ‘act of shooting’, a sense shared by its Old Norse relative skot, which provided English with the scot of scotfree  (etymologically ‘without having to pay’).
=> scot-free, shoot
- shot (n.)
- Old English scot, sceot "a shot, a shooting, an act of shooting; that which is discharged in shooting, what is shot forth; darting, rapid motion," from Proto-Germanic *skutan (cognates: Old Norse skutr, Old Frisian skete, Middle Dutch scote, German Schuß "a shot"), related to sceotan "to shoot" (see shoot (v.)).
Meaning "discharge of a bow, missile," also is from related Old English gesceot. Extended to other projectiles in Middle English, and to sports (hockey, basketball, etc.) 1868. Another original meaning, "payment" (perhaps literally "money thrown down") is preserved in scot-free. "Throwing down" might also have led to the meaning "a drink," first attested 1670s, the more precise meaning "small drink of straight liquor" by 1928 (shot glass by 1955). Camera view sense is from 1958. Sense of "hypodermic injection" first attested 1904; figurative phrase shot in the arm "stimulant" first recorded 1922. Meaning "try, attempt" is from 1756; sense of "remark meant to wound" is recorded from 1841. Meaning "an expert in shooting" is from 1780. To call the shots "control events, make decisions" is American English, 1922, perhaps from sport shooting. Shot in the dark "uninformed guess" is from 1885. Big shot "important person" is from 1861.
- shot (adj.)
- early 15c., past participle adjective from shoot (v.). Meaning "wounded or killed by a bullet or other projectile" is from 1837. Figurative sense "ruined, worn out" is from 1833.
- 1. You have to do everything you can. You have to work your hardest. And if you do, if you stay positive, then you have a shot at a silver lining.
- 2. He was not a particularly good shot because of his eyesight.
- 3. I struck the ball cleanly and my shot was on target.
- 4. They had almost reached the boat when a figure shot past them.
- 5. The heavyweight champion will be given a shot at Holyfield's world title.
[ shot 造句 ]