CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1. re- "against" + luct- "struggle, wrestle" + -ant.
2. => struggle or rebel against.
3. => unwilling.
4. luct- 与 lock "一绺头发，发辫" 同源，他们的本义都表示纠缠在一起，扭在一起(的事物或状态)。
来自拉丁语 reluctari,扭打，抵抗，来自 re-,相对，对着干，luctari,缠绕，扭打，词源同 leg,ineluctable.引申词义勉强的，不情愿的。
- reluctant:  To be reluctant about doing something is etymologically to ‘struggle against’ it. The word comes from the present participle of Latin reluctārī, a compound verb formed from the prefix re- ‘against’ and luctārī ‘struggle’. Among the first English writers to employ it was John Milton, who used it in the literal Latin sense, describing the writhing Satan: ‘a monstrous serpent on his belly prone, reluctant, but in vain’, Paradise Lost 1667. ‘Unwilling, averse’, a metaphorical extension which saw the light of day in Latin, made its debut in English at the start of the 18th century.
- reluctant (adj.)
- "unwilling," 1660s, from Latin reluctantem (nominative reluctans), present participle of reluctari (see reluctance). Related: Reluctantly. The Latin word is also the source of Spanish reluchante, Italian riluttante.
- 1. We were reluctant to start the long trudge home.
- 2. Scientific institutions have been reluctant to take corrective action.
- 3. I am reluctant to trust anyone totally, Your Excellency.
- 4. He said no and seemed oddly reluctant to talk about it.
- 5. Japan has been reluctant to offer much aid to Russia.
[ reluctant 造句 ]