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2. scandal => slander.
来自古法语 esclandre,来自拉丁语 scandalum,词源同 scandal,丑闻，诽谤。插入缓音字母 l 后 字母 c 习惯性脱落，拼写比较 slat.
- slander:  Slander and scandal are ultimately the same word. Both go back to Latin scandalum ‘cause of offence’. This passed into Old French as escandle, which in due course had its consonants switched round to produce esclandre, source of English slander. Scandal was borrowed from the later French form scandale.
- slander (n.)
- late 13c., "state of impaired reputation, disgrace or dishonor;" c. 1300, "a false tale; the fabrication and dissemination of false tales," from Anglo-French esclaundre, Old French esclandre "scandalous statement," alteration ("with interloping l" [Century Dictionary]) of escandle, escandre "scandal," from Latin scandalum "cause of offense, stumbling block, temptation" (see scandal). From late 14c. as "bad situation, evil action; a person causing such a state of affairs."
- slander (v.)
- c. 1300, from Anglo-French esclaundrer, Old French esclandrer, from esclandre (see slander (n.)). Related: Slandered; slandering; slanderer.
- 1. a vicious slander on the company's good name
- 2. The article is a slander on ordinary working people.
- 3. You ought to kick back at such malicious slander.
- 4. Alexander got a malignant slander.
- 5. He threatened to go public with the slander.
[ slander 造句 ]