CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
1. foris "out of doors, outside" => for- "outside, beyond" => foreign, forfeit, forum.
2. => strange, foreign; outer, external, outdoor, out of doors.
来自拉丁语foris, 门外，在外面，词源同door. 拼写受reign, sovereign等影响。后用于指陌生人，外面人。
- foreign:  Etymologically, foreign means ‘out of doors’. It comes via Old French forein from Vulgar Latin *forānus, a derivative of Latin forās ‘out of doors, abroad’. This originated as the accusative plural of *fora, an unrecorded variant form of forēs ‘door’ (to which English door is related). The literal sense ‘outdoor’ survived into Middle English (the chambre forene mentioned by Robert of Gloucester in his Chronicle 1297, for instance, was an ‘outside loo’), but by the early 15th century the metaphorical ‘of other countries, abroad’ had more or less elbowed it aside.
=> door, forest, forfeit
- foreign (adj.)
- c. 1300, ferren, foran, foreyne, in reference to places, "outside the boundaries of a country;" of persons, "born in another country," from Old French forain "strange, foreign; outer, external, outdoor; remote, out-of-the-way" (12c.), from Medieval Latin foraneus "on the outside, exterior," from Latin foris (adv.) "outside," literally "out of doors," related to foris "a door," from PIE *dhwor-ans-, from root *dhwer- "door, doorway" (see door).
English spelling altered 17c., perhaps by influence of reign, sovereign. Sense of "alien to one's nature, not connected with, extraneous" attested late 14c. Meaning "pertaining to another country" (as in foreign policy) is from 1610s. Replaced native fremd. Related: Foreignness.
- 1. The Swiss wanted to discourage an inflow of foreign money.
- 2. He put the case to the Saudi Foreign Minister.
- 3. The Foreign Office in London has expressed surprise at these allegations.
- 4. The constitution prohibits them from military engagement on foreign soil.
- 5. Responsibility and moderation were to be the keynotes of their foreign policy.
[ foreign 造句 ]