- vt. 用雪橇搬运；乘雪橇；用大锤打
- vi. 用大锤打；猛击；乘雪橇
- n. 雪橇；大锤
- n. (Sledge)人名；(英)斯莱奇
TEM4 IELTS GRE
1. slay, slaughter => sledge(大锤). => sledgehammer.
2. slide => sledge => sled, sleigh.
来自 sled 拼写变体，拼写受-dge 影响。sledge 大锤，重锤
来自古英语 slecg,大锤，重锤，词源同 slay,slag.拼写受-dge 影响。
- sledge: English has two words sledge. The sledge [OE] of sledgehammer  was once a word in its own right, meaning ‘heavy hammer’. It goes back to the prehistoric Germanic base *slakh- ‘hit’, source also of English slaughter, slay, etc. Sledge ‘snow vehicle’  was borrowed from Middle Dutch sleedse. Like Dutch slee (source of English sleigh ) and Middle Low German sledde (source of English sled ), its ultimate ancestor was the prehistoric Germanic base *slid- ‘slide’ (source of English slide). Sledging ‘unsettling a batsman with taunts’ , which originated in Australia in the 1970s, may have been derived from sledgehammer.
=> slaughter, slay, sly; sled, sleigh, slide
- sledge (n.1)
- "heavy hammer," Old English slecg "hammer, mallet," from Proto-Germanic *slagjo- (cognates: Old Norse sleggja, Middle Swedish sleggia "sledgehammer"), related to slege "beating, blow, stroke" and slean "to strike" (see slay (v.)). Sledgehammer is pleonastic.
- sledge (n.2)
- "sleigh," 1610s, from dialectal Dutch sleedse, variant of slede (see sled (n.)); said by OED to be perhaps of Frisian origin.
- 1. She travelled 14,000 miles by sledge across Siberia to Kamchatka.
- 2. The sledge gained momentum as it ran down the hill.
- 3. Sledge of CB adaptation, the major changes to deal the data buffer.
- Sledge的CB改编, 主要改动是数据缓冲区的处理.
- 4. Last week there was a quarrel during a sledge drive.
- 5. The sledge was steered from a platform.
[ sledge 造句 ]