- n. 代理；代用品；遗嘱检验法官
- vt. 代理；指定某人为自己的代理人
- adj. 代理的；替代的
1. sub- => sur- "in the place of, instead of" + rog- "ask for, propose" + -ate.
2. => Etymologically someone who has been "asked for" to take the place of another.
3. => nominate or propose an alternative candidate.
来自拉丁语 surrogare,替代，代替，来自 sur-,在下，向上，-rog,要求，词源同 arrogant,prorogue. 引申词义代孕的。
- surrogate:  A surrogate is etymologically someone who has been ‘asked for’ to take the place of another. The word was borrowed from Latin surrogātus, a later form of subrogātus, the past participle of subrogāre ‘nominate an alternative candidate’. This was a compound verb formed from the prefix sub-, used here in the sense ‘instead of’, and rogāre ‘ask for, propose’ (source of English interrogate, prerogative, etc).
=> interrogate, prerogative
- surrogate (n.)
- early 15c., from Latin surrogatus, past participle of surrogare/subrogare "put in another's place, substitute," from assimilated form of sub "in the place of, under" (see sub-) + rogare "to ask, propose" (see rogation). Meaning "woman pregnant with the fertilized egg of another woman" is attested from 1978 (from 1972 of animals; surrogate mother in a psychological sense is from 1971). As an adjective from 1630s.
- 1. Leningrad was the third alien city to offer him a surrogate home.
- 2. Arms control should not be made into a surrogate for peace.
- 3. Martin had become Howard Cosell's surrogate son.
- 4. She saw him as a sort of surrogate father.
- 5. The cat acted as a surrogate mum to the chicks.
[ surrogate 造句 ]