plaster

英 ['plɑːstə] 美 ['plæstɚ]
  • n. 石膏;灰泥;膏药
  • vt. 减轻;粘贴;涂以灰泥;敷以膏药;使平服
  • n. (Plaster)人名;(英、德)普拉斯特
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星级词汇:
plaster
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plaster 灰泥,石膏

来自拉丁语plastrum,灰泥,石膏,来自希腊语plastos,形成的,铺平的,来自plassein,形成,铺开,来自PIE*pele,展开,放平,词源同plan,plain.

plaster
plaster: [OE] Like plastic, plaster comes ultimately from the Greek verb plássein ‘mould’. Combination with the prefix en- ‘in’ produced emplássein ‘daub on, plaster’. From its past participle emplastós was derived émplastron ‘medicinal application to the skin’, which reached Latin as emplastrum. Medieval Latin shortened it to plastrum, which Old English adopted as plaster. Its use for a ‘soft substance spread on walls, etc’ was introduced via Old French plastre in the 14th century.
=> plastic
plaster (n.)
late Old English plaster "medicinal application," from Vulgar Latin plastrum, shortened from Latin emplastrum "a plaster" (in the medical as well as the building sense), from Greek emplastron "salve, plaster" (used by Galen instead of more usual emplaston), noun use of neuter of emplastos "daubed on," from en- "on" + plastos "molded," from plassein "to mold" (see plasma). The building construction material is first recorded in English c. 1300, via Old French plastre, from the same source, and in early use the English word often had the French spelling.
plaster (v.)
"to coat with plaster," early 14c., from plaster (n.) and partly Old French plastrier "to cover with plaster" (Modern French plâtrer), from plastre (see plaster (n.). Related: Plastered; plastering. Figurative use from c. 1600. Meaning "to bomb (a target) heavily" is first recorded 1915. Sports sense of "to defeat decisively" is from 1919.
1. One of the kids was peeling plaster off the wall.
其中一个孩子在剥墙上的灰泥。

来自柯林斯例句

2. The bullet slammed into the ceiling, spraying them with bits of plaster.
子弹砰地射进了天花板,掉落的石膏碎片落了他们一身。

来自柯林斯例句

3. Once the plaster was dry there was no room for correction.
一旦灰泥一干,就没有机会修改了。

来自柯林斯例句

4. The building was of greyish plaster and looked old.
这幢楼刷的是浅灰色的灰泥,看上去有些陈旧。

来自柯林斯例句

5. It had a high ceiling, ornamented with plaster fruits and flowers.
天花板很高,上面装饰着石膏水果和花朵。

来自柯林斯例句

[ plaster 造句 ]