英 ['ɔːltə; 'ɒl-]
- vt. 改变，更改
- vi. 改变；修改
- n. (Alter)人名；(英)奥尔特；(德、捷、葡、爱沙、立陶、拉脱、俄、西、罗、瑞典)阿尔特
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1. alter- => alter.
2. => change (something).
词根al, 异，不同。-ter, 比较级后缀。
- alter:  Alter comes from the Latin word for ‘other (of two)’, alter. In late Latin a verb was derived from this, alterāre, which English acquired via French altérer. Latin alter (which also gave French autre and English alternate , alternative , altercation , and altruism, not to mention alter ego) was formed from the root *al- (source of Latin alius – from which English gets alien, alias, and alibi – Greek allos ‘other’, and English else) and the comparative suffix *-tero-, which occurs also in English other.
Hence the underlying meaning of Latin alter (and, incidentally, of English other) is ‘more other’, with the implication of alternation between the two.
=> alias, alien, alternative, altruism, else
- alter (v.)
- late 14c., "to change (something)," from Old French alterer "change, alter," from Medieval Latin alterare "to change," from Latin alter "the other (of the two)," from PIE *al- "beyond" (see alias (adv.)) + comparative suffix -ter (as in other). Intransitive sense "to become otherwise" first recorded 1580s. Related: Altered; altering.
- 1. She is, first and foremost, her husband's alter ego.
- 2. The current division of labor between workers and management will alter.
- 3. Barry Humphries's alter ego Dame Edna has taken the US by storm.
- 4. He denounces people who urge him to alter his ways.
- 5. He is unlikely to alter his game plan.
[ alter 造句 ]