- vi. 推迟；延期；服从
- vt. 使推迟；使延期
- n. (Defer)人名；(法)德费
CET6+ TEM8 IELTS GRE TOEFL
de-, 分开，散开。-fer, 拿，带，词源同bring, infer. 即分散开，引申义推迟，延迟。defer 遵从，顺从
de-, 向下，离开。-fer, 拿，带，词源同bring, infer. 即拿走，转移，词义引申为转交，遵从，顺从。
- defer: English has two distinct verbs defer. The one meaning ‘delay’  is ultimately the same words as differ. It comes via Old French differer from Latin differre ‘carry apart, delay’, a compound verb formed from the prefix dis- ‘apart’ and ferre ‘carry’ (related to English bear). The Latin verb’s past participle, dīlātus, is the source of English dilatory . Defer ‘submit’  comes via Old French deferer from Latin dēferre ‘carry away’, a compound verb formed from the prefix dē- ‘away’ and ferre.
The notion of submission seems to have arisen from an earlier application to referring, or ‘carrying’, a matter to someone else.
=> bear, dilatory
- defer (v.1)
- "to delay," late 14c., differren, deferren, from Old French differer (14c.), from Latin differre "carry apart, scatter, disperse;" also "be different, differ;" also "defer, put off, postpone," (see differ). Etymologically identical with differ; the spelling and pronunciation differentiated from 15c., perhaps partly by association of this word with delay.
- defer (v.2)
- "yield," mid-15c., from Middle French déférer (14c.) "to yield, comply," from Latin deferre "carry away, transfer, grant," from de- "down, away" (see de-) + ferre "carry" (see infer). Main modern sense is from meaning "refer (a matter) to someone," which also was in Latin.
- 1. We wish to defer our decision until next week.
- 2. I shall defer replying till I hear from home.
- 3. We will defer to whatever the committee decides.
- 4. Let's defer the decision for a few weeks.
- 5. We all defer to him in these matters.
[ defer 造句 ]