CET6 TEM4 CET4 IELTS
1. Daughter in the paradise.
- paradise:  Paradise comes from an ancient Persian word meaning ‘enclosed place’. In Avestan, the Indo-European language in which the Zoroastrian religious texts were written, pairidaēza was a compound formed from pairi ‘around’ (a relative of Greek péri, from which English gets the prefix peri-) and diz ‘make, form’ (which comes from the same Indo- European source as produced English dairy, dough, and the second syllable of lady).
Greek took the word over as parádeisos, and specialized ‘enclosed place’ to an ‘enclosed park’; and in the Greek version of the Bible it was applied to the ‘garden of Eden’. English acquired the word via Latin paradīsus and Old French paradis.
=> dairy, dough, lady
- paradise (n.)
- late 12c., "Garden of Eden," from Old French paradis "paradise, Garden of Eden" (11c.), from Late Latin paradisus, from Greek paradeisos "park, paradise, Garden of Eden," from an Iranian source similar to Avestan pairidaeza "enclosure, park" (Modern Persian and Arabic firdaus "garden, paradise"), compound of pairi- "around" + diz "to make, form (a wall)."
The first element is cognate with Greek peri- "around, about" (see per), the second is from PIE root *dheigh- "to form, build" (see dough).
The Greek word, originally used for an orchard or hunting park in Persia, was used in Septuagint to mean "Garden of Eden," and in New Testament translations of Luke xxiii:43 to mean "heaven" (a sense attested in English from c. 1200). Meaning "place like or compared to Paradise" is from c. 1300.
- 1. To the former Belgian colonizers, Rwanda was a paradise.
- 2. The Koran describes paradise as a place containing a garden of delight.
- 3. They lived in an earthly paradise.
- 4. The Algarve is a golfer's paradise.
- 5. The ancient Egyptians saw paradise as an idealized version of their own lives.
[ paradise 造句 ]