英 ['bɪvʊæk; 'bɪvwæk]
- n. 露营；露营地
- vi. 露宿
- vt. 使…露宿；为…安排露营
- n. (Bivouac)人名；(法)比瓦克
法语词。前缀bi-, 二。-vouac, 词源同watch, 看。指轮流看守。
- bivouac:  Bivouac appears to be of Swiss- German origin. The early 19th-century writer Stalder noted that the term beiwacht (bei ‘additional’ + wacht ‘guard’ – a relative of English watch and wake) was used in Aargau and Zürich for a sort of band of vigilantes who assisted the regular town guard. Beiwacht was borrowed into French as bivac, and came to English in a later form bivouac.
Its original application in English was to an army remaining on the alert during the night, to guard against surprise attack; in so doing, of course, the soldiers did not go to sleep in their tents, and from this the term bivouac spread to ‘improvised, temporary camp’, without the luxury of regular tents.
=> wake, watch
- bivouac (n.)
- 1702, from French bivouac (17c.), ultimately from Swiss/Alsatian biwacht "night guard," from bei- "double, additional" + wacht "guard" (see wait (v.)). Original meaning was an army that stayed up on night watch; sense of "outdoor camp" is 1853. Not a common word in English before the Napoleonic Wars. Italian bivacco is from French. As a verb, 1809, "to post troops in the night;" meaning "camp out of doors" is from 1814.
- 1. The company was supposed to bivouac overnight and then return to the post the next day.
- 2. While in bivouac, we spent the night in our sleeping bags under the stars.
- 在临时宿营地, 我们就头顶星星,躺在睡袋里过夜.
- 3. In the world's broad field of battle, In the bivouac of Life.
- 在这人生的宿营地, 在这辽阔的世界战场.
- 4. There is a semi - circular bivouac tent on the grass.
- 草地上有个 半圆形 的野营帐篷.
- 5. In the bivouac of life.
[ bivouac 造句 ]