- n. 块，团；群众，民众；大量，众多；质量
- adj. 群众的，民众的；大规模的，集中的
- vi. 聚集起来，聚集
- vt. 使集合
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自拉丁语missa,解散，遣散，词源同mission,emit.宗教词义弥撒来自弥撒仪式后的解散语”Ite,missa est”,即走吧，解散了，ite,走，离开，词源同exit,missa,解散，词源同emit,est,是，词源同is,essence.mass 团，块，堆，物质质量
- mass: English has two distinct words mass. The one meaning ‘Eucharist’ [OE] comes from late Latin missa, a noun use of the feminine past participle of mittere ‘send’ (source of English admit, commit, dismiss, mission, etc) possibly arising from Ite, missa est ‘Go, it is the dismissal’, the last words of the Latin Eucharist service. Mass ‘amount of matter’  comes via Old French masse and Latin massa from Greek maza ‘barley cake’, hence ‘lump, mass’.
The derivative massive  goes back ultimately to Vulgar Latin *massīceus. A possible relative is massage , a borrowing from French. It was a derivative of masser ‘massage’, which may have been acquired from Portuguese amassar ‘knead’, a verb based on massa ‘mass, dough’.
=> admit, commit, dismiss, mission, transmit; massage, massive
- mass (v.)
- "to gather in a mass" (intransitive), 1560s, from mass (n.1) or from French masser. Transitive sense by c. 1600. Related: Massed; massing.
- mass (n.1)
- "lump, quantity, size," late 14c., from Old French masse "lump, heap, pile; crowd, large amount; ingot, bar" (11c.), and directly from Latin massa "kneaded dough, lump, that which adheres together like dough," probably from Greek maza "barley cake, lump, mass, ball," related to massein "to knead," from PIE root *mag- "to knead" (source of Lithuanian minkyti "to knead," see macerate). Sense extended in English 1580s to "a large quantity, amount, or number." Strict sense in physics is from 1704.
As an adjective from 1733, first attested in mass meeting in American English. mass culture is from 1916 in sociology (earlier in biology); mass hysteria is from 1914; mass media is from 1923; mass movement is from 1897; mass production is from 1920; mass grave is from 1918; mass murder from 1880.
- mass (n.2)
- "Eucharistic service," Old English mæsse, from Vulgar Latin *messa "eucharistic service," literally "dismissal," from Late Latin missa "dismissal," fem. past participle of mittere "to let go, send" (see mission); probably so called from the concluding words of the service, Ite, missa est, "Go, (the prayer) has been sent," or "Go, it is the dismissal." Sometimes glossed in Old English as sendnes "send-ness."
- 1. On his desk is a mass of books and papers.
- 2. In the spring, the meadow is a mass of daffodils.
- 3. Pope John Paul celebrated mass today in a city in central Poland.
- 4. Only with mass direct action will we obtain such change.
- 5. The 1939-45 world war involved the mass of the population.
[ mass 造句 ]