CET6 TEM4 IELTS
1. sarc- + -asm (希腊语后缀).
2. literally "rend or tear flesh, strip off the flesh".
3. => biting a person with speaking harshly, bitterly, or derisively.
4. => sneer, jest, taunt, mockery.
来自拉丁语 sarcasmus,来自希腊语 sarkasmos,讽刺，挖苦，嘲笑，来自 sarkazein,挖肉，割肉， 来自 sarx,肉。
- sarcasm:  A sarcastic remark is etymologically one which involves the ‘rending of flesh’. Greek sárx meant ‘flesh’ (it has given English sarcoma  and sarcophagus), and it formed the basis of a verb sarkázein ‘tear the flesh’, hence ‘bite one’s lip, gnash one’s teeth’, and by further extension ‘make a cutting remark’. This gave rise to the late Greek derivative sarkasmós, which passed into English via late Latin sarcasmos and French sarcasme.
=> sarcoma, sarcophagus
- sarcasm (n.)
- 1570s, sarcasmus, from Late Latin sarcasmus, from late Greek sarkasmos "a sneer, jest, taunt, mockery," from sarkazein "to speak bitterly, sneer," literally "to strip off the flesh," from sarx (genitive sarkos) "flesh," properly "piece of meat," from PIE root *twerk- "to cut" (cognates: Avestan thwares "to cut"). Current form of the English word is from 1610s. For nuances of usage, see humor.
- 1. "What a pity," Graham said with a hint of sarcasm.
- 2. Keith hoped the obvious sarcasm would have its intended effect.
- 3. Fred ignored the sarcasm.
- 4. His voice was dripping with sarcasm.
- 5. His sarcasm hurt her feelings.
[ sarcasm 造句 ]