CET6+ TEM8 GRE
1. re- "against" + tali- (taliban 塔利班) + -ate => retaliate. 报复塔利班。
来自拉丁语 retaliare,偿还，返还，来自 re-,向后，往回，talis,同样，同类，来自 PIE*tod,指 示代词，词源同 this,that.即原样返还的，后用于指报仇，以眼还眼，以牙还牙。
- retaliate:  To retaliate is etymologically to give someone ‘so much’ or an equal amount in return for what they have given you. Its ultimate source is Latin tālis ‘suchlike’ (source of French tel ‘such’). This formed the basis of a noun tāliō ‘punishment equal in severity to the wrong that occasioned it’, which was combined with the prefix re- ‘back’ to create the verb retaliāre ‘repay in kind’ – whence English retaliate.
- retaliate (v.)
- 1610s, from Latin retaliatus, past participle of retaliare "requite, retaliate" (see retaliation). Related: Retaliated; retaliating.
- 1. He had authorisation from the military command to retaliate.
- 2. The militia responded by saying it would retaliate against any attacks.
- 3. I was sorely tempted to retaliate.
- 4. to retaliate against an attack
- 5. If you strike me, I shall retaliate.
- 你要是打我, 我就还击.
[ retaliate 造句 ]