CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1. gen- => germ(有花儿才能发芽), germin-. 所谓开花发芽、开花发芽就是这个道理
2. 区别：germinate, geminate(谐音“姐妹里的”): 有花儿才能发芽，无花儿是一对儿。
来自拉丁语germen, 来自词根gen, 生育，萌芽，词源同generate. 字母n在m前r 化，比较carcinogen, 来自cancer. 后用于科学术语，细菌。
- germ:  As its close relatives germane and germinate  suggest, germ has more to do etymologically with ‘sprouting’ and ‘coming to life’ than with ‘disease’. It comes via Old French germe from Latin germen ‘sprout, offshoot’, which may go back ultimately to the Indo- European base *gen- ‘produce’ (source of English gene, generate, genitive, etc).
The meaning ‘sprout, from which new life develops’ persisted into English (and still occurs in such contexts as wheatgerm – and indeed in metaphorical expressions like ‘the germ of an idea’). Then at the beginning of the 19th century it began to be used to put into words the idea of a ‘seed’ from which a disease grew: ‘The vaccine virus must act in one or other of these two ways: either it must destroy the germe of the small-pox … or it must neutralize this germe’, Medical Journal 1803.
By the end of the century it was an accepted colloquialism for ‘harmful microorganism’.
=> germane, germinate
- germ (n.)
- mid-15c., "bud, sprout;" 1640s, "rudiment of a new organism in an existing one," from Middle French germe "germ (of egg); bud, seed, fruit; offering," from Latin germen (genitive germinis) "spring, offshoot; sprout, bud," which is of uncertain origin, perhaps from PIE root *gen-, *gene- "to beget, bear" (see german (adj.)). The older sense is preserved in wheat germ and germ of an idea; sense of "seed of a disease" first recorded 1796 in English; that of "harmful micro-organism" dates from 1871. Germ warfare recorded from 1920.
- 1. The germ of an idea took root in Rosemary's mind.
- 2. This germ is found on things used by the patients.
- 3. I have the germ of an idea.
- 4. " Me thought the germ of it was dead in me!
- “ 我还以为喜悦的胚胎已经在我心中死掉了呢!
来自英汉文学 - 红字
- 5. This was the germ of a book.
[ germ 造句 ]