英 ['maʊntɪn] 美 ['maʊntn]
  • n. 山;山脉
  • n. (Mountain)人名;(英)芒廷
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mountain 高山

来自mount,山,-ain,小词后缀。字面意思即小山,在18世纪前,该词都用来指高度非常低的小山。比较Mount Everest.

mountain: [13] Latin mōns ‘mountain’ could well go back ultimately to a variant of the base *min- ‘jut’ which produced English eminent, imminent, menace, and prominent. English acquired it originally direct from Latin as a noun, mount [OE], which is now used only in the names of mountains. The verb mount followed in the 14th century, via Old French munter.

Latin mōns had a derived adjective montānus ‘mountainous’, which was adapted in Vulgar Latin to the noun *montānea ‘mountainous area’. This made its way into Old French as montaigne, by which time it meant simply ‘mountain’ – whence English mountain. Amount [13] comes ultimately from the Latin phrase ad montem ‘to the mountain’, hence ‘upwards’; and paramount [16] in turn derives from an Old French phrase par amont ‘by above’, hence ‘superior’.

=> amount, eminent, imminent, menace, mount, paramount, prominent, tantamount
mountain (n.)
c. 1200, from Old French montaigne (Modern French montagne), from Vulgar Latin *montanea "mountain, mountain region," noun use of fem. of *montaneus "of a mountain, mountainous," from Latin montanus "mountainous, of mountains," from mons (genitive montis) "mountain" (see mount (n.)).

Until 18c., applied to a fairly low elevation if it was prominent (such as Sussex Downs, the hills around Paris). As an adjective from late 14c. Mountain dew "raw and inferior whiskey" first recorded 1839; earlier a type of Scotch whiskey (1816); Jamieson's 1825 "Supplement" to his Scottish dictionary defines it specifically as "A cant term for Highland whisky that has paid no duty." Mountain-climber recorded from 1839; mountain-climbing from 1836.
1. I'll run over to Short Mountain and check on Mrs Adams.


2. The truck sways wildly, careening down narrow mountain roads.


3. Searchers have found three mountain climbers missing since Saturday.


4. We climbed up a winding track towards a mountain refuge.


5. Typically, the Norwegians were on the mountain two hours before anyone else.


[ mountain 造句 ]