- n. 山；山脉
- n. (Mountain)人名；(英)芒廷
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
- mountain:  Latin mōns ‘mountain’ could well go back ultimately to a variant of the base *min- ‘jut’ which produced English eminent, imminent, menace, and prominent. English acquired it originally direct from Latin as a noun, mount [OE], which is now used only in the names of mountains. The verb mount followed in the 14th century, via Old French munter.
Latin mōns had a derived adjective montānus ‘mountainous’, which was adapted in Vulgar Latin to the noun *montānea ‘mountainous area’. This made its way into Old French as montaigne, by which time it meant simply ‘mountain’ – whence English mountain. Amount  comes ultimately from the Latin phrase ad montem ‘to the mountain’, hence ‘upwards’; and paramount  in turn derives from an Old French phrase par amont ‘by above’, hence ‘superior’.
=> amount, eminent, imminent, menace, mount, paramount, prominent, tantamount
- mountain (n.)
- c. 1200, from Old French montaigne (Modern French montagne), from Vulgar Latin *montanea "mountain, mountain region," noun use of fem. of *montaneus "of a mountain, mountainous," from Latin montanus "mountainous, of mountains," from mons (genitive montis) "mountain" (see mount (n.)).
Until 18c., applied to a fairly low elevation if it was prominent (such as Sussex Downs, the hills around Paris). As an adjective from late 14c. Mountain dew "raw and inferior whiskey" first recorded 1839; earlier a type of Scotch whiskey (1816); Jamieson's 1825 "Supplement" to his Scottish dictionary defines it specifically as "A cant term for Highland whisky that has paid no duty." Mountain-climber recorded from 1839; mountain-climbing from 1836.
- 1. I'll run over to Short Mountain and check on Mrs Adams.
- 2. The truck sways wildly, careening down narrow mountain roads.
- 3. Searchers have found three mountain climbers missing since Saturday.
- 4. We climbed up a winding track towards a mountain refuge.
- 5. Typically, the Norwegians were on the mountain two hours before anyone else.
[ mountain 造句 ]