- vt. 扼杀；使窒息；藏匿
- vi. 窒息；被扼杀
- n. （马等的）后膝关节；（马等的）[动] 后膝关节病
CET6+ TEM4 GRE TOEFL
1. It may have been a blend of *extufus 'take a steam bath' (source of English stew and stove) and late Latin stuppare 'stop up, plug' (source of English stop and stuff).
2. stiff, stuff => stif- + -le (diminutive suffix) => stifle.
词源不确定，可能最终来自 PIE*steip,压紧，打包，塞满，词源同 stiff,stuff.-le,表反复。引申 词义窒息，压制，扼杀等。
- stifle:  Stiffle was probably adapted from Old French estouffer ‘choke, smother’. This in turn went back to a Vulgar Latin *extuffāre, which may have been a blend of *extūfāre ‘take a steam bath’ (source of English stew) and late Latin stuppāre ‘stop up, plug’ (source of English stop and stuff).
=> stew, stop, stuff
- stifle (v.)
- late 14c., "to choke, suffocate, drown," of uncertain origin, possibly an alteration of Old French estouffer "to stifle, smother" (Modern French étouffer), itself of uncertain origin, perhaps from a Germanic source (compare Old High German stopfon "to plug up, stuff"). Metaphoric sense is from 1570s. Related: Stifled; stifling.
- 1. His hand shot to his mouth to stifle a giggle.
- 2. It is best to stifle curiosity and leave birds' nests alone.
- 3. Critics have accused the US of trying to stifle debate.
- 4. She makes no attempt to stifle a yawn.
- 5. The food did nothing to stifle her queasiness.
[ stifle 造句 ]