CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
1、nav- + -y.
2、含义：fleet, ship, fleet of ships, especially for purposes of war.
- navy:  Latin nāvis ‘ship’ is the ultimate source of navy. In post-classical times it spawned an offspring nāvia ‘fleet’, which passed into English via Old French navie. Other Latin derivatives of nāvis were nāvālis, source of English naval , and the verb nāvigāre ‘manage a ship’, from which English gets navigate  (navvy  originated as a colloquial abbreviation for navigator, a term applied to someone who dug ‘navigation canals’).
In medieval Latin nāvis was applied to the central part of a church, from the passing resemblance in shape to a ship, and the word was anglicized as nave . Nāvis was related to Greek naus ‘ship’, whose contributions to English include nautical , nautilus , nausea  (etymologically ‘seasickness’), and, somewhat surprisingly, noise.
=> nausea, nautical, navigate, noise
- navy (n.)
- early 14c., "fleet of ships," especially for purposes of war, from Old French navie "fleet; ship," from Latin navigia, plural of navigium "vessel, boat," from navis "ship" (see naval). Meaning "a nation's collective, organized sea power" is from 1530s. The Old English words were sciphere (usually of Viking invaders) and scipfierd (usually of the home defenses). Navy blue was the color of the British naval uniform. Navy bean attested from 1856, so called because they were grown to be used by the Navy.
- 1. The Navy is to carry out an examination of the wreck tomorrow.
- 2. There was very little snobbery or class-consciousness in the wartime navy.
- 3. Banks spent his national service in the Royal Navy.
- 4. Dickie bored him all through the meal with stories of the Navy.
- 5. It hasn't stopped the British Navy proceeding on its merry way.
[ navy 造句 ]