- adj. 下流的；肮脏的；脾气不好的；险恶的
- n. 令人不快的事物
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 CET6
1. 形象记忆过程：nasty--- na(拼音那)+st(街道)+y(为什么)---那条街上为什么那么---脏。
2. 谐音“拿屎踢、拉屎的”→ 污秽的
- nasty:  Nasty, now such a widespread term of disapproval, is not that ancient a word in English, and it is not too certain where it came from. In the 14th and 15th centuries it was often spelled naxty, and this, together with one early 17th-century example of nasky, has suggested some connection with Swedish dialect naskug ‘dirty, nasty’. And a link has also been proposed with Dutch nestig ‘dirty’, which may denote etymologically ‘made dirty like a bird’s nest’. ‘Dirty’ was the original sense of the English adjective; the more general ‘unpleasant’ did not begin to emerge until the end of the 17th century.
- nasty (adj.)
- c. 1400, "foul, filthy, dirty, unclean," of unknown origin; perhaps [Barnhart] from Old French nastre "miserly, envious, malicious, spiteful," shortened form of villenastre "infamous, bad," from vilein "villain" + -astre, pejorative suffix, from Latin -aster.
Alternative etymology [OED] is from Dutch nestig "dirty," literally "like a bird's nest." Likely reinforced in either case by a Scandinavian source (compare Swedish dialectal naskug "dirty, nasty"), which also might be the source of the Middle English word. Of weather, from 1630s; of things generally, "unpleasant, offensive," from 1705. Of people, "ill-tempered," from 1825. Noun meaning "something nasty" is from 1935. Related: Nastily; nastiness.
- 1. They've picked up a really nasty infection from something they've eaten.
- 2. Though he had a temper and could be nasty, it never lasted.
- 3. This was a nasty attack and the woman is still very shocked.
- 4. There's a nasty sort of rumour going around about it.
- 5. A spokesman said this firm action had defused a very nasty situation.
[ nasty 造句 ]