- n. 水蛭；吸血鬼；榨取他人利益的人
- vt. 以水蛭吸血；依附并榨取
- vi. 依附并榨取别人
- n. (Leech)人名；(英)利奇
- leech (n.1)
- "bloodsucking aquatic worm," from Old English læce (Kentish lyce), of unknown origin (with a cognate in Middle Dutch lake). Commonly regarded as a transferred use of leech (n.2), but the Old English forms suggest a distinct word, which has been assimilated to leech (n.2) by folk etymology [see OED]. Figuratively applied to human parasites since 1784.
- leech (n.2)
- obsolete for "physician," from Old English læce, probably from Old Danish læke, from Proto-Germanic *lekjaz "enchanter, one who speaks magic words; healer, physician" (cognates: Old Frisian letza, Old Saxon laki, Old Norse læknir, Old High German lahhi, Gothic lekeis "physician"), literally "one who counsels," perhaps connected with a root found in Celtic (compare Irish liaig "charmer, exorcist, physician") and Slavic (compare Serbo-Croatian lijekar, Polish lekarz), from PIE *lep-agi "conjurer," from root *leg- "to collect," with derivatives meaning "to speak" (see lecture (n.)).
For sense development, compare Old Church Slavonic baliji "doctor," originally "conjurer," related to Serbo-Croatian bajati "enchant, conjure;" Old Church Slavonic vrači, Russian vrač "doctor," related to Serbo-Croatian vrač "sorcerer, fortune-teller." The form merged with leech (n.1) in Middle English, apparently by folk etymology. In 17c., leech usually was applied only to veterinary practitioners. The fourth finger of the hand, in Old English, was læcfinger, translating Latin digitus medicus, Greek daktylus iatrikos, supposedly because a vein from that finger stretches straight to the heart.
- 1. He's fastening on that poor girl like a leech.
- 2. Leech and Lyons have made different classifications of meanings from different angles.
- 3. Jimmy Leech, no one could run like you in school races.
- 吉米?利查, 在校田径赛中没有人跑得像你一样快.
- 4. It'soon proved its efficacy , and redeemed the leech's pledge.
- 药力很快便见了效, 看来医生说话算数.
来自英汉文学 - 红字
- 5. But he hath a godly minister or two with him, and likewise a leech.
- 只是他有—两位牧师陪着, 还有一个医生.
来自英汉文学 - 红字
[ leech 造句 ]