- n. 晦暗，无光泽；污点
- vt. 玷污；使……失去光泽；使……变灰暗
- vi. 失去光泽；被玷污；变灰暗
TEM8 IELTS GRE TOEFL
1. dark => dern "concealed, hidden, secret, dark" (dark 与 dern 同源) => tern- => tarn- + -ish.
2. => dull the luster or brightness of, make dim.
来自古法语 ternir,使暗淡，黯淡，来自 Proto-Germanic*darnijana,隐藏，来自 PIE*dher,固定， 握住，保护，词源同 darn,firm.引申诸相关词义。
- tarnish (v.)
- mid-15c. (transitive), from present participle stem of Middle French ternir "dull the luster or brightness of, make dim" (15c.), probably from Old French terne (adj.) "dull, dark," which according to Diez is from a Germanic source cognate with Old High German tarnjan "to conceal, hide," Old English dyrnan "to hide, darken," from Proto-Germanic *darnjaz (see dern), but there are difficulties of form, sense, and date. Intransitive sense from 1670s. Figurative sense is from 1690s. Related: Tarnished; tarnishing.
- tarnish (n.)
- 1713, from tarnish (v.).
- 1. The tarnish lay thick on the inside of the ring.
- 2. Moisture leads to the tarnish of the silverware.
- 3. Wear cotton gloves when cleaning silver, because the acid in your skin can tarnish the metal.
- 4. The affair could tarnish the reputation of the prime minister.
- 5. Air and moisture tarnish silver.
[ tarnish 造句 ]