- n. 国家，国土；国民；乡下，农村；乡村；故乡
- adj. 祖国的，故乡的；地方的，乡村的；国家的；粗鲁的；乡村音乐的
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
- country:  Etymologically, the meaning of country is virtually ‘surroundings’. It originated in medieval Latin contrātus ‘lying on the opposite side’, an adjective formed from the proposition contrā ‘against, opposite’. This was used in the phrase terra contrāta ‘land opposite or before one, spread out around one’, and soon broke free to act as a noun in its own right.
In Old French it became cuntree, the form in which it was borrowed into English. Its original notion of ‘area of land’ had quickly become narrowed down to ‘district controlled or occupied by a particular people’, hence ‘nation’, but its use for ‘rural areas as opposed to cities’ does not seem to have developed until the 16th century. The compound countryside originated in Scotland and northern England, probably in the 17th century.
- country (n.)
- mid-13c., "district, native land," from Old French contree, from Vulgar Latin *(terra) contrata "(land) lying opposite," or "(land) spread before one," from Latin contra "opposite, against" (see contra-). Sense narrowed 1520s to rural areas, as opposed to cities. Replaced Old English land. As an adjective from late 14c. First record of country-and-western music style is from 1942. Country club first recorded 1886. Country mile "a long way" is from 1915, American English.
- 1. Many areas in the country'sinterior are unable to report Aids cases immediately.
- 2. The country's economic plight is strangling its scientific institutions.
- 3. The rail strike is causing major disruptions at the country's ports.
- 4. It is hard to get hold of guns in this country.
- 5. Nuclear weapons plants across the country are heavily contaminated with toxic wastes.
[ country 造句 ]