- adj. 橙色的；橘色的
- n. 橙；橙色；桔子
- n. (Orange)人名；(英)奥林奇；(法)奥朗热
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自古法语orange,来自拉丁语pomum de orenge,来自意大利语narancia,最终来自梵语naranga,橘树，本主为芳香的，散发香味的。
- orange:  The name of the orange originated in northern India, as Sanskrit nāranga. This passed westwards via Persian nārang and Arabic nāranj to Spain. The Spanish form naranj filtered up to France, and became altered (perhaps under the influence of Orange, the name of a town in southeastern France which used to be a centre of the orange trade) to orenge, later orange – whence the English word.
- orange (n.)
- c. 1300, of the fruit, from Old French orange, orenge (12c., Modern French orange), from Medieval Latin pomum de orenge, from Italian arancia, originally narancia (Venetian naranza), alteration of Arabic naranj, from Persian narang, from Sanskrit naranga-s "orange tree," of uncertain origin. Not used as a color word until 1540s.
Loss of initial n- probably due to confusion with definite article (as in une narange, una narancia), but perhaps influenced by French or "gold." The name of the town of Orange in France (see Orangemen) perhaps was deformed by the name of the fruit. Orange juice is attested from 1723.
The tree's original range probably was northern India. The Persian orange, grown widely in southern Europe after its introduction in Italy 11c., was bitter; sweet oranges were brought to Europe 15c. from India by Portuguese traders and quickly displaced the bitter variety, but only Modern Greek still seems to distinguish the bitter (nerantzi) from the sweet (portokali "Portuguese") orange. Portuguese, Spanish, Arab, and Dutch sailors planted citrus trees along trade routes to prevent scurvy. On his second voyage in 1493, Christopher Columbus brought the seeds of oranges, lemons and citrons to Haiti and the Caribbean. Introduced in Florida (along with lemons) in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon. Introduced to Hawaii 1792.
- 1. Hybridising the two species will reduce the red to orange.
- 2. He moved around the country working in orange groves.
- 3. The illustration shows a cluster of five roses coloured apricot orange.
- 4. Orange and khaki flatter those with golden skin tones.
- 5. The orange tip shows up well against most backgrounds.
[ orange 造句 ]