- adj. 薄的；瘦的；稀薄的；微弱的
- vt. 使瘦；使淡；使稀疏
- vi. 变薄；变瘦；变淡
- adv. 稀疏地；微弱地
- n. 细小部分
- n. (Thin)人名；(越)辰；(柬)廷
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自古英语 thynne,薄的，来自 Proto-Germanic*thunni,薄的，来自 PIE*ten,延展，拉长，词源 同 extend,tender,tenuous.词义由拉长引申为细长，薄的，脆弱的等诸多相关词义。
- thin: [OE] Thin denotes etymologically ‘stretched’. It goes back ultimately to the Indo- European base *ten- ‘stretch’, which also produced Latin tenuis ‘thin’ (source of English tenuous) and Latin tendere ‘stretch’ (source of English tend, tense, etc). From this was descended prehistoric Germanic *thunnuz, which has evolved into German dünn, Dutch dun, Swedish tunn, Danish tynd, and English thin.
=> tend, tense, tenuous
- thin (adj.)
- Old English þynne "narrow, lean, scanty, not dense; fluid, tenuous; weak, poor," from Proto-Germanic *thunni "thin" (cognates: West Frisian ten, Middle Low German dunne, Middle Dutch dunne, Dutch dun, Old High German dunni, German dünn, Old Norse þunnr, Swedish tunn, Danish tynd), from PIE *tnu- "stretched, stretched out" (hence "thin"), from root *ten- "to stretch" (cognates: Latin tenuis "thin, slender;" see tenet).
These our actors ... were all Spirits, and Are melted into Ayre, into thin Ayre. [Shakespeare, "The Tempest," IV.i.150, 1610]
"Loose or sparse," hence "easily seen through," with figurative extensions. Related: Thinly; thinness. Thin-skinned is attested from 1590s; the figurative sense of "touchy" is from 1670s.
- thin (v.)
- Old English þynnian "to make thin, lessen, dilute," also intransitive, "become thin," from thin (adj.). Intransitive sense of "to become less numerous" is attested from 1743; that of "to become thinner" is recorded from 1804. Compare similarly formed German dünnen, Dutch dunnen. Related: Thinned; thinning.
- 1. She was thin and spare, with a sharply intelligent face.
- 2. He was a tall, thin man with grey hair.
- 3. She is too thin. Feed her up a bit.
- 4. His legs were pitifully thin compared to the rest of his bulk.
- 5. Her husband was sympathetic at first but his patience soon wore thin.
[ thin 造句 ]