- vt. 研磨；在…上铺砂砾，覆以砂砾；咬紧牙关
- vi. 摩擦作声
- n. 粗砂，砂砾砂砾，粗砂石；勇气；决心
- n. (Grit)人名；(德)格里特；(法)格里
TEM4 IELTS GRE
2. grate => grit.
3. grate, grind => grit.
4. The sense 'determination, resolve', presumably as a metaphorical extension of grit meaning 'hard sandstone'.
5. gravel <===> grit.
7. 电影：大地惊雷 True Grit (又名: 真实的勇气(台) / 离奇复仇事件(港) / 真正的勇敢).
8. grit→trig(a. 整洁的)→寝食里整洁得不见一颗沙粒.
来自PIE*ghrei, 刮，擦，磨，词源同gravel, grind. 指沙粒，盐粒。
- grit: [OE] Etymologically, grit is ‘something produced by pounding’. Prehistoric Indo- European *ghrēu- denoted ‘rub, pound, crush’, and from it came Germanic *greutam ‘tiny particles of crushed or pounded rock’, hence ‘sand, gravel’. Its modern descendants include English grit and German griess ‘gravel, grit, coarse sand’, and it was also used in the formation of the Old English word for ‘pearl’, meregrot, literally ‘sea-pebble’, an alteration of Latin margarīta ‘pearl’. Groats ‘husked grain’ [OE] comes from the same source.
The sense ‘determination, resolve’ originated in the USA in the early 19th century, presumably as a metaphorical extension of grit meaning ‘hard sandstone’ (as in millstone grit).
- grit (n.)
- Old English greot "sand, dust, earth, gravel," from Proto-Germanic *greutan "tiny particles of crushed rock" (cognates: Old Saxon griot, Old Frisian gret, Old Norse grjot "rock, stone," German Grieß "grit, sand"), from PIE *ghreu- "rub, grind" (cognates: Lithuanian grudas "corn, kernel," Old Church Slavonic gruda "clod"). Sense of "pluck, spirit, firmness of mind" first recorded American English, 1808.
If he hadn't a had the clear grit in him, and showed teeth and claws, they'd a nullified him so, you wouldn't have see'd a grease spot of him no more. [Thomas Chandler Haliburton, "Sam Slick in England," 1843]
- grit (v.)
- "make a grating sound," 1762, probably from grit (n.). Meaning "to grate, grind" is from 1797. Related: Gritted; gritting.
- 1. You'll never quite get rid of every last bit of grit.
- 2. I pretended to rub a fleck of grit from one eye.
- 3. He felt tiny bits of grit and sand peppering his knees.
- 4. You've got to admire her grit.
- 5. Grit from the highway made him cough.
[ grit 造句 ]