- n. 部落；族；宗族；一伙
- n. (Tribe)人名；(英)特赖布
CET6 TEM4 CET4 考 研 TOEFL
来自拉丁语 tribus,部落，宗族，地区，特指古罗马城邦三个宗族集团，即现在为人们熟知的 Latins,Sabines,Etruscans.可能来自 tri-,三，-be,存在，词源同 be,phylum.或来自 PIE*treb,居住， 聚居，词源同 thorp,troop.
- tribe:  Tribe comes via Old French tribu from Latin tribus ‘division of the Roman people’. This was probably derived from the base *tri- ‘three’, and denoted etymologically the ‘three original tribes of Rome’ – the Tities, the Ramnes, and the Luceres. The ‘head of a tribe’ was known as a tribūnus, whence English tribune ; and the verb for ‘give out amongst the tribes’ was tribuere, source of English contribute , distribute , retribution , and tribute .
=> contribute, distribute, retribution, three, tribune, tribute
- tribe (n.)
- mid-13c., "one of the twelve divisions of the ancient Hebrews," from Old French tribu or directly from Latin tribus "one of the three political/ethnic divisions of the original Roman state" (Tites, Ramnes, and Luceres, corresponding, perhaps, to the Latins, Sabines, and Etruscans), later, one of the 30 political divisions instituted by Servius Tullius (increased to 35 in 241 B.C.E.), of unknown origin. Perhaps from tri- "three" + *bheue-, root of the verb be. Others connect the word with the PIE root *treb- "a dwelling" (see tavern).
In the Biblical sense, which was the original one in English, the Latin word translates Greek phyle "race or tribe of men, body of men united by ties of blood and descent, a clan" (see phylo-). Extension to modern ethnic groups or races of people is from 1590s, specifically "a division of a barbarous race of people, usually distinguishable in some way from their congeners, united into a community under a recognized head or chief" [Century Dictionary], but colloquially of any aggregate of individuals of a kind.
- 1. The US Government gave the land to the tribe in perpetuity.
- 2. His intercession could be of help to the tribe.
- 3. Few know that the tribe was just passing through.
- 4. a tribe of cannibals
- 5. The tribe's development was more primitive than that of their neighbours.
[ tribe 造句 ]