2. 同源词：edifice, edify, estivate, estuary, ether.
3. PIE root *aidh- "to burn" => aedis / aedes (originally "a place with a hearth") => 引申为：aedis / aedes "dwelling house, building, temple, sanctuary". => edifice, edify.
4. PIE root *aidh- "to burn" => aestus "boiling (of the sea), tide, heat" => estivate, estuary.
5. PIE root *aidh- "to burn" => aithein "to burn, shine" => ether "upper air; bright, purer air; the sky".
来自PIE*aidh, 燃烧，词源同ash, ether. 原指火炉，引申义居住地，大厦。-fy,做，建造。即建造大厦的，树立起榜样的。
- edify:  As its close relative edifice  suggests, edify has to do literally with ‘building’. And in fact its underlying etymological sense is ‘building a hearth’. That was the original sense of Latin aedis. Gradually, though, it was extended, in a familiar metaphorical transition, from ‘hearth’ to ‘home’ and ‘dwelling’. Addition of a verbal element related to facere ‘make’ produced aedificāre ‘build a house’, or simply ‘build’.
Its figurative application to ‘instruction’ or ‘enlightenment’ took place in Latin, and has no doubt been reinforced in English (which acquired the word from Old French edifier) by its accidental similarity to educate.
- edify (v.)
- mid-14c., "to build, construct," also, in figurative use, "to build up morally or in faith," from Old French edefiier (12c., Modern French édifier) "build; install; teach, instruct (morally)," from Latin aedificare "to build, construct," in Late Latin "improve spiritually, instruct" (see edifice). Related: Edified; edifying.
- 1. They tried to edify the child with music.
- 2. TV should attempt to edify the masses.
- 3. Tea is fitness, disease , and the treatment, rich appreciation taste edify sentiment.
- 茶有健身 、 治疾之药物疗效, 又富欣赏情趣,可陶冶情操.
- 4. The purpose is to widen train thought, edify somewhat to the reader.
- 目的是拓宽思路, 对读者有所启迪.
- 5. In his book the function of television was to edify, not to entertain.
- 按照他的看法,电视的职能在于教育, 而不在于娱乐.
[ edify 造句 ]