- n. 首领；酋长；主要部分
- adj. 首席的；主要的；主任的
- adv. 主要地；首要地
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 CET6
来自词根cap, 头，词源同captain, chef.
- chief:  Etymologically, the chief is the ‘head’. The word comes via Old French chef or chief and Vulgar Latin *capum from Latin caput ‘head’. The adjectival use is equally as old as the noun use in English. Other English offshoots of *capum are cape and, via the diminutive form *capitellus, cadet, and it also forms the basis of achieve.
The form which has come through into modern French is, of course, chef, which entered English in the sense ‘cook’ (short for chef de cuisine ‘head of the kitchen’) in the 19th century. Chieftain  comes via Old French chevetaine from late Latin capitāneus (a derivative of caput ‘head’), which was later reborrowed as captain.
=> achieve, cadet, cape, captain, chef
- chief (adj.)
- c. 1300, "highest in rank or power; most important or prominent; supreme, best," from Old French chief "chief, principal, first" (10c., Modern French chef), from Vulgar Latin *capum (also source of Spanish and Portuguese cabo, Italian capo, Provençal cap), from Latin caput "head," also "leader, guide, chief person; summit; capital city" (see capitulum).
- chief (n.)
- c. 1300, "head, leader, captain; the principal or most important part of anything;" from Old French chief "leader, ruler, head" of something, "capital city" (10c., Modern French chef), from Vulgar Latin *capum, from Latin caput "head," also "leader, chief person; summit; capital city" (see capitulum). Meaning "head of a clan" is from 1570s; later extended to American Indian tribes. Commander-in-chief attested from 1660s.
- 1. The programme of sell-offs has been implemented by the new chief executive.
- 2. The Chief Constable's clipped tones crackled over the telephone line.
- 3. In the squash court his chief aim is to flatten me.
- 4. Their chief negotiator turned his critical eye on the United States.
- 5. NATO remains the United States' chief institutional anchor in Europe.
[ chief 造句 ]