英 ['bæsɔːlt; -(ə)lt]
- n. [岩] 玄武岩；黑陶器
- n. (Basalt)人名；(西)巴萨尔特
来自希腊语basanos, 试金石，形容玄武岩之硬。-salt, 拼写俗化的结果。
- basalt (n.)
- c. 1600, from Late Latin basaltes, misspelling of Latin basanites "very hard stone," from Greek basanites "a species of slate used to test gold," from basanos "touchstone." Not connected with salt. Said by Pliny ["Historia," 36.58] to be an African word, perhaps Egyptian bauhan "slate." Any hard, very dark rock would do as a touchstone; the assayer compared the streak left by the alleged gold with that of real gold or baser metals. Hence Greek basanizein "to be put to the test, examined closely, cross-examined, to be put to torture."
- 1. Her love was a fire playing ineffectually over a rock of basalt.
- 2. Basalt is the commonest volcanic rock.
- 3. Basalt is needed to surface a road or to build a break water.
- 4. Huoshan Dan black texture, basalt, granite, marble, and so on.
- 质地有黑色火山石 、 玄武岩 、 花岗岩 、 大理石等.
- 5. The paper introduced the development and preparation of continuous basalt fiber.
[ basalt 造句 ]