1. Arabic verb shariba "he drank" => sharbat "a drink" => sherbet.
2. Arabic verb shariba "he drank" => sharab "beverage, wine," literally "something drunk" => sirup (变体：syrup).
来自古法语 sirop,糖浆，加糖饮料，来自阿拉伯语 sharab,饮料，饮品，来自 shariba,喝，饮， 词源同 sorbet,sherbet.
- syrup:  Syrup is etymologically ‘something drunk’. Like sherbet, it goes back ultimately to the Arabic verb shariba ‘drink’, whose initial /shr/ sound originated in imitation of the sound of slurping. From this was derived the noun sharāb ‘drink’, which passed into English via medieval Latin siropus and Old French sirop. Arab drinks tend to be liberally sweetened, and so when the word came west it was with the specific sense ‘thick sweet liquid’.
=> sherbet, sorbet
- syrup (n.)
- late 14c., "thick, sweet liquid," from Old French sirop "sugared drink" (13c.), and perhaps from Italian siroppo, both from Arabic sharab "beverage, wine," literally "something drunk," from verb shariba "he drank" (compare sherbet). Spanish jarabe, jarope, Old Provençal eissarop are from Arabic; Italian sciroppo is via Medieval Latin sirupus. In English, formerly also sirup, sirop.
- 1. For breakfast I had a thick slice of bread and syrup.
- 2. Heat this syrup and pour it over.
- 3. Maple syrup is made from sap extracted from the sugar maple tree.
- 4. Pour syrup on it and spread it abroad with a rolling pin.
- 5. A solution of sugar boils down to a syrup.
[ syrup 造句 ]