英 [dɪs'kʌmfɪt] 美 [dɪs'kʌmfɪt]
  • vt. 挫败;扰乱,破坏;使…为难;使…破灭
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discomfit 使窘迫

来自法语,dis-, 不,非,使相反,com-,强调,-fit, 做,词源同fact. 即使功亏一匮的,使失败的,后词义受discomfort影响,使不舒服,窘迫。

discomfort 不舒服

dis-, 不,非,使相反。comfort ,舒服。

discomfit: [14] The underlying etymological sense of discomfit is ‘destroy’. It comes from desconfit, the past participle of Old French desconfire ‘defeat’; this in turn was a descendant of Vulgar Latin *disconficere ‘destroy, undo’, a compound verb formed from the prefix dis- ‘un-’ and conficere ‘put together, complete, accomplish’ (source of English comfit, confection, and confetti). Its original English meaning ‘defeat’ has weakened over the centuries to ‘disconcert’, probably due to the influence of discomfort, with which it is often confused.
=> comfit, confection, confetti
discomfit (v.)
c. 1200, as an adjective, from Old French desconfit "vanquished, defeated," past participle of desconfire "to defeat, destroy," from des- "not" (see dis-) + confire "make, prepare, accomplish," from Latin conficere (see confection).

Used as a verb in English from c. 1300. Weaker sense of "disconcert" is first recorded 1520s in English, probably by confusion with discomfort. Related: Discomfited; discomfiting.
1. The teacher is completely discomfit by the unexpected question.


2. To cause to feel chagrin ; mortify or discomfit.


3. Flash forth lightning, and scatter them; Send forth Your arrows, and discomfit them.
6求你发出闪电, 使仇敌四散; 射出你的箭, 使他们溃乱.


[ discomfit 造句 ]