- adv. 出现；在外；出局；出声地；不流行地
- adj. 外面的；出局的；下台的
- n. 出局
- prep. 向；离去
- vi. 出来；暴露
- vt. 使熄灭；驱逐
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
- out: [OE] Out is a widespread Germanic adverb (German aus, Dutch uit, Swedish ut, and Danish ud are its first cousins) which also has a relative on the far side of the Indo-European language area, Sanskrit ud- ‘out’. Its former comparative form still survives in utter ‘complete’, and utmost and the verb utter are also closely related.
=> utmost, utter
- out (adv.)
- Old English ut "out, without, outside," common Germanic (Old Norse, Old Frisian, Old Saxon, Gothic ut, Middle Dutch uut, Dutch uit, Old High German uz, German aus), from PIE root *ud- "up, out, up away" (cognates: Sanskrit ut "up, out," uttarah "higher, upper, later, northern;" Avestan uz- "up, out," Old Irish ud- "out," Latin usque "all the way to, without interruption," Greek hysteros "the latter," Russian vy- "out"). Meaning "into public notice" is from 1540s. As an adjective from c. 1200. Meaning "unconscious" is attested from 1898, originally in boxing. Sense of "not popular or modern" is from 1966. As a preposition from mid-13c.
Sense in baseball (1860) was earlier in cricket (1746). Adverbial phrase out-and-out "thoroughly" is attested from early 14c.; adjective usage is attested from 1813; out-of-the-way (adj.) "remote, secluded" is attested from late 15c. Out-of-towner "one not from a certain place" is from 1911. Shakespeare's It out-herods Herod ("Hamlet") reflects Herod as stock braggart and bully in old religious drama and was widely imitated 19c. Out to lunch "insane" is student slang from 1955; out of this world "excellent" is from 1938; out of sight "excellent, superior" is from 1891.
- out (v.)
- Old English utian "expel, put out" (see out (adv.)); used in many senses over the years. Meaning "to expose as a closet homosexual" is first recorded 1990 (as an adjective meaning "openly avowing one's homosexuality" it dates from 1970s; see closet); sense of "disclose to public view, reveal, make known" has been present since mid-14c.
Eufrosyne preyde Þat god schulde not outen hire to nowiht. [Legendary of St. Euphrosyne, c. 1350]
Related: Outed; outing.
- out (n.)
- 1620s, "a being out" (of something), from out (adv.). From 1860 in baseball sense; from 1919 as "means of escape; alibi."
- 1. Barry had his nose put out of joint by Lucy's aloof sophistication.
- 2. He did not like to be caught out on details.
- 3. Don't worry. We'll have you out of here double-quick.
- 4. The road to peace will be long and drawn-out.
- 5. The light went out, and the room was plunged into darkness.
[ out 造句 ]