CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 TOEFL CET6
3. disaster 灾难，祸害 “他给人民带来了灾难，得砸死他”
dis-, 不，非，使相反。-aster, 星星，星辰，词源同star, asterisk.即星位不正，在古代占星术中预示着灾难降临。
- disaster:  The word disaster has astrological connotations. It comes, perhaps via French désastre, from Italian disastro; this was a backformation from disastrato, literally ‘ill-starred’, a compound adjective formed from the pejorative prefix dis- and astro ‘star’, a descendant of Latin astrum ‘star’. This in turn came from Greek astron ‘star’, source of English astronomy and related to English star. So the underlying meaning of the word is ‘malevolent astral influence’. Provençal has the parallel malastre ‘misfortune’.
- disaster (n.)
- 1590s, from Middle French désastre (1560s), from Italian disastro "ill-starred," from dis-, here merely pejorative (see dis-) + astro "star, planet," from Latin astrum, from Greek astron (see star (n.)). The sense is astrological, of a calamity blamed on an unfavorable position of a planet.
- 1. An airliner came close to disaster while approaching Heathrow Airport.
- 2. We were in a disaster situation that defies description.
- 3. The President described the disaster as an act of God.
- 4. An investigation is underway to find out how the disaster happened.
- 5. Investors were storing up a lot of cash in anticipation of disaster.
[ disaster 造句 ]