- n. 撤退；休息寓所；撤退
- vi. 撤退；退避；向后倾
- vt. 退（棋）；使后退
CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1、retrahere "draw back" => retrere "draw back" => retret "draw back" => retreat.
2、re- "back" + treat-.
- retreat:  Retreat and retract  are ultimately the same word. Both go back to Latin retrahere ‘draw back’, a compound verb formed from the prefix re- ‘back’ and trahere ‘draw, pull’ (source of English tractor). This passed into Old French as retraire, and its past participle retrait came to be used as a noun meaning ‘withdrawal’ – whence English retreat. Meanwhile the past participle of retrahere, retractus, had been used as the basis of a new Latin verb, retractāre, which passed into English via Old French retracter as retract.
=> contract, distract, retract, tractor
- retreat (n.)
- c. 1300, "a step backward;" late 14c., "act of retiring or withdrawing; military signal for retiring from action or exercise," from Old French retret, noun use of past participle of retrere "draw back," from Latin retrahere "draw back, withdraw, call back," from re- "back" (see re-) + trahere "to draw" (see tract (n.1)). Meaning "place of seclusion" is from early 15c.; sense of "establishment for mentally ill persons" is from 1797. Meaning "period of retirement for religious self-examination" is from 1756.
- retreat (v.)
- early 15c., "to draw in, draw back, leave the extremities," from retreat (n.) and in part from Old French retret, past participle of retrere. Meaning "to fall back from battle" is mid-15c. Related: Retreated; retreating.
- 1. In June 1942, the British 8th Army was in full retreat.
- 2. It's a retreat into the adolescence they never really had.
- 3. Their soldiers had to retreat ignominiously after losing hundreds of lives.
- 4. Yesterday'svote itself was a retreat from an earlier fallback position.
- 5. Cockburn decided it was time to beat a hasty retreat.
[ retreat 造句 ]