- vi. 坐；位于
- vt. 使就座
- n. (Sit)人名；(东南亚国家华语)硕；(罗)西特
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
1. sed- / sid- => sit.
来自古英语 sittan,坐下，坐落，停留，来自 Proto-Germanic*setjan,坐下，来自 PIE*sed,坐下， 词源同 set,sedentary.引申诸相关词义。
- sit: [OE] Sit comes from a prehistoric Germanic *sitjan or *setjan, which also produced German sitzen, Dutch zitten, Swedish sitta, and Danish sidde. This was derived from a base *set-, source also of English seat, set (etymologically ‘cause to sit’), and settle. And this in turn went back to the Indo-European base *sed- ‘sit’, which has contributed hugely to English vocabulary – mainly through its Latin descendant sedēre ‘sit’ (source of English assess, insidious, séance, session, size, subsidy, etc), but also via Welsh, in the form of eisteddfod.
It lies in addition behind English saddle and soot, and its other progeny include Russian sidet’, Serbo-Croat sjediti, and Latvian sēdēt ‘sit’.
=> assess, eisteddfod, insidious, saddle, séance, seat, session, set, settle, size, subsidy
- sit (v.)
- Old English sittan "to occupy a seat, be seated, sit down, seat oneself; remain, continue; settle, encamp, occupy; lie in wait; besiege" (class V strong verb; past tense sæt, past participle seten), from Proto-Germanic *setjan (cognates: Old Saxon sittian, Old Norse sitja, Danish sidde, Old Frisian sitta, Middle Dutch sitten, Dutch zitten, Old High German sizzan, German sitzen, Gothic sitan), from PIE root *sed- (1) "to sit" (see sedentary).
With past tense sat, formerly also set, now restricted to dialect, and sate, now archaic; and past participle sat, formerly sitten. In reference to a legislative assembly, from 1510s. Meaning "to baby-sit" is recorded from 1966.
To sit back "be inactive" is from 1943. To sit on one's hands was originally "to withhold applause" (1926); later, "to do nothing" (1959). To sit around "be idle, do nothing" is 1915, American English. To sit out "not take part" is from 1650s. Sitting pretty is from 1916.
- 1. Teachers staged a sit-down protest in front of the president's office.
- 2. Let's sit down and then you can say what's up.
- 3. We can't just sit by and watch you throw your life away.
- 4. Now sit down and make yourself comfortable. You must be very tired.
- 5. I've asked Mum to sit for us next Saturday.
[ sit 造句 ]